Egypt as the Cradle of Monasticism

Mt. Sinai, Egypt (Lori Erickson photo)

Of all the treasures of the Egyptian Christian church, perhaps the greatest gift to the world is monasticism. This world-wide movement began here as a reform movement in the third century, when men and women fled to the desert to escape a church that had grown increasingly wealthy and corrupt.

In the stark environs of the desert, these holy fathers and mothers dedicated their lives to the worship of God, living lives of great hardship and humility. Though they sought solitude, many attracted followers who sought out their wisdom and teachings. Some of these seekers chose to stay permanently in the desert, and monastic communities grew up in hundreds of isolated locations.

Entrance to St. Catherine’s Monastery (Lori Erickson photo)

Thomas Merton’s The Wisdom of the Desert gives a window into the remarkable spirituality forged in the crucible of the desert. In addition to St. Catherine’s Monastery, these traditions live on in sites that include the Monasteries of St. Anthony and St. Paul in the Sinai, the Monastery of St. Simeon near Aswan, and the four monasteries at Wadi Natrun near Cairo.

Main page for Christian Holy Sites in Egypt


Lori Erickson is one of America’s top travel writers specializing in spiritual journeys. She’s the author of the Near the Exit: Travels With the Not-So-Grim Reaper and Holy Rover: Journeys in Search of Mystery, Miracles, and God. Her website Spiritual Travels features holy sites around the world.



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